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by CareyBot

(This is Part 3 of a three-part series. See Part 1: Outsiders change the face of architecture and Part 2: Freethinkers advance architectural frontier.) In the past, an architect was just what his Latin name suggested–a "master builder." Practical experience was the most important schooling such a person could have, and architects thus trained gave us the Great Pyramid of Cheops, the Parthenon, and all the cathedrals of the Middle Ages. Only during the past 100 years or so has the right to use the title "architect" been determined by academic degrees and testing rather than by practice. In 1897, Illinois became the first state to require that architects be licensed. California followed suit in the early years of the new century. The National Council of Architectural Registratio...