Are you less than perfect about paying your bills on time? Or maybe you pay your rent, utilities and other bills with cash or money orders so you have no credit record.
If that’s your problem, you can still buy a house or condo.
Purchase Bob Bruss reports online.
Thanks to innovative outreach home mortgage programs from Fannie Mae and other major home loan lenders, if you have a reliable source of income you can probably buy a home.
For example, a few weeks ago I talked with a hard-working immigrant Hispanic gardener whose steady income comes from about 30 homeowners. A few of his customers pay him in cash. But most pay by check.
Although he has no checking account, he told me how he recently got a mortgage from a major nationwide lender, with the help of a very patient mortgage broker, to buy the three-bedroom house he was previously renting. “I really need a four-bedroom house for my wife and our three kids, but it’s a start,” he told me.
ANYONE WITH STEADY INCOME CAN BUY A HOUSE OR CONDO
If you are “credit challenged,” probably because you have no credit or bad credit, you can still buy or refinance a home. That’s because mortgage lenders are now under extreme pressure to keep up their home loan origination volume, especially to borrowers without traditional verifiable income sources.
Virtually every mortgage lender has a special home loan program for borrowers with credit problems. The interest rate might not be the lowest available, but mortgage money is abundantly available.
To illustrate, a few weeks ago I received a phone call from a longtime media acquaintance who I had never met except by telephone. He briefly told me his home loan situation, admitting he “messed up,” and had some serious credit problems. Fortunately, he now has a great job and is on his way to straightening out his finances. I was able to put him in touch with a savvy mortgage broker who arranged a mortgage at “only” 8 percent interest. My media friend was thrilled. I just hope he makes the payments on time.
CHECK YOUR CREDIT REPORT AND FICO SCORE
If you’re not sure what is in your credit report, or you don’t know your FICO (Fair, Isaac and Co.) credit score, which most mortgage lenders use to rate your credit, the easiest source to learn this information is at www.myfico.com. For $12.95 you will receive your credit report, FICO score and suggestions on how to improve your FICO score. At www.equifax.com, you can check your credit reports at all three major credit bureaus for an additional fee.
HOW MORTGAGE LENDERS USE FICO SCORES TO APPROVE LOANS
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the nation’s largest home loan lenders in the secondary mortgage market, use computerized credit scoring programs to instantly approve mortgage borrowers for home loans up to $333,700.
When these non-human mortgage approval programs were implemented about 10 years ago, I was very critical. But the amazing result has been more, not less, home loan applicants approved when computerized credit scores are used.
However, when a home loan applicant is rejected, a human mortgage underwriter takes a second look to see if an exception can be made for the loan to be approved.
FICO scores range between 450 and 850. The higher your FICO score, the better. A FICO score above 700 is almost always a “slam dunk” approval at the lowest mortgage interest rate. Nationwide, the average FICO score is 678.
Above 620 you will probably be approved for a home mortgage, but maybe not at the lowest interest rate. Below 620, you might get approved, but you will surely have to pay a higher than normal interest rate.
FIX YOUR CREDIT REPORT BEFORE SHOPPING FOR A MORTGAGE
After you obtain your credit report and FICO score, read it. If you discover any errors, contact the credit bureau immediately.
If you are unemployed, on welfare, were recently rejected for credit, were a recent credit fraud victim, or were told a collection agency has or will report negative credit information about you, you are entitled to a free credit report from the reporting credit bureau.
Residents of Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts and Vermont are entitled to one free credit report annually from each of the three national credit bureaus. Soon, thanks to a new federal law, all U.S. residents will enjoy this benefit.
Until then, when writing, phoning or sending e-mail to one of the three national credit bureaus, you will be informed of the cost. The latest credit bureau addresses and phones are:
Equifax, P.O. Box 740241, Atlanta, GA 30374; phone 1-800-685-1111; www.equifax.com.
Experian (formerly TRW), P.O. Box 949, Allen, TX 75013-0949; phone 1-800-422-4879; www.experian.com.
Trans Union, P.O. Box 290, Springfield, PA 19064-0390; phone 1-800-888-4213; www.tuc.com.
Each credit report contains different information because some of your creditors report to all the national credit bureaus, but other creditors report to only one or two. Each credit bureau must include a dispute form so you can correct any errors for correction.
Credit bureaus have 30 days from the date of dispute receipt to verify your complaint. If the credit bureau is unable to verify the information you dispute, that information must be removed from your credit report.
When the credit bureau doesn’t receive a response from the creditor, the disputed item must be removed from your credit report. Be sure to follow up and insist on receiving a revised or corrected credit report.
GET PRE-APPROVED IN WRITING BY AN ACTUAL MORTGAGE LENDER
After checking your credit report and FICO score, even before shopping for a house or condo, it’s time to apply for a home loan.
Whether you apply with a direct mortgage lender, or through a mortgage broker who can “shop” your loan application among many lenders to find you the best terms, the first step to buying a home is to get a written mortgage pre-approval letter or certificate from an actual lender.
Don’t accept a mortgage “pre-qualification letter.” That means nothing because the issuer isn’t the actual lender. Instead, insist upon a full credit investigation and a pre-approval letter or certificate from a lender willing to make your loan, subject to reasonable terms such as appraisal of the house or condo you decide to buy.
CONCLUSION. Even if you have less than perfect credit, one way or another, you can buy a house or condo. Your first “starter home” probably won’t be your “dream home.” But it will start you on the road to building home equity rather than constructing a pile of worthless rent receipts. More details are in my special report, “How to Buy a House or Condo If You Have Less Than Perfect Credit,” available for $4 from Robert Bruss, 251 Park Road, Burlingame, CA 94010 or by credit card at 1-800-736-1736 or instant Internet download at www.bobbruss.com.
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