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Everything you wanted to know about wood

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Wood. It's one of the single most common materials we use for home improvement projects, from rough framing to fine finish work. Take one glance through a well-stocked lumberyard and you'll quickly see that there is a huge variety of different woods available, with an equally huge collection of terminology. So to simplify things a little for your next project, here -- in alphabetical order -- is a basic look at some of the things you might want to know about wood. Board-Foot (BF): A standard measurement of lumber, equal to a piece of wood that is 12 inches wide, 12 inches long and 1 inch thick. To convert the size of any piece of lumber into board feet, use the following formula: Width (in inches) x Thickness (in inches) x Length (in feet) divided by 12. For example, a board that is 10 inches wide, 2 inches thick and 14 feet long would contain 23.33 board feet (10 x 2 x 14 / 12). Clear: Wood that is free of knots, pitch pockets and other defects. This is typically the most...