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Everything you wanted to know about wood

Most common types and their uses defined

Wood. It's one of the single most common materials we use for home improvement projects, from rough framing to fine finish work. Take one glance through a well-stocked lumberyard and you'll quickly see that there is a huge variety of different woods available, with an equally huge collection of terminology. So to simplify things a little for your next project, here -- in alphabetical order -- is a basic look at some of the things you might want to know about wood. Board-Foot (BF): A standard measurement of lumber, equal to a piece of wood that is 12 inches wide, 12 inches long and 1 inch thick. To convert the size of any piece of lumber into board feet, use the following formula: Width (in inches) x Thickness (in inches) x Length (in feet) divided by 12. For example, a board that is 10 inches wide, 2 inches thick and 14 feet long would contain 23.33 board feet (10 x 2 x 14 / 12). Clear: Wood that is free of knots, pitch pockets and other defects. This is typically the most...