- Lower income markets saw the highest year-over-year percentage growth in income.
- Fresno and Bakersfield, California, were the only two cities in California to make the top 10 list of highest income growth, despite the higher income markets of San Francisco and San Jose.
- Income-to-home price ratio in Houston is nearly 50 percent, whereas the same ratio in San Francisco is 10 percent.
The U.S. Census Bureau released its yearly American Community Survey for 2015, showing median income increased 5.2 percent nationwide between 2014 and 2015.
And in some markets — most notably the lower-income ones — percentage growth outpaced even the most lucrative markets.
Trulia’s chief economist Ralph McLaughlin examined the data. He offers three conclusions as to why incomes have grown across the country.
First, he notes as unemployment drops, it’s natural for income growth to occur.
He supports this notion with an explanation about productivity increasing — this in turn leads to to higher wages as a result of gained skills or technological advancements, he says.
And lastly, he points out new business in markets not only brings more employees to earn more wages, but it injects money into the local economy, pushing everyone up.
He offers a disclaimer, but points out that regardless of a powerful singular push in any one of the three options, “near full employment at the national level is certainly helping increase wages regionally.”
The most notable fact is that the lower income markets saw the highest year-over-year percentage growth.
“In other words, metros that were driving the 5.2 percent increase at the national level were some of the poorest markets, not the wealthiest,” McLaughlin wrote.
Income and home price grow at different rates
Median income rose 5.2 percent nationwide. The Trulia report pointed out that metro areas with the lowest incomes had the highest income growth in 2015.
Chicago experienced a year-over-year median income growth of 2.3 percent. Median income in Chicago grew from $61,086 to $62,505 between 2014 and 2015. Median house price climbed 2.8 percent year-over-year to $200,328.
Income rose in Baltimore by only 1.4 percent. Since 2014, income grew to $72,520 from $71,501.
Median home price in Houston grew from $153,716 to $165,967, an increase of 8 percent. Median income also increased, but the 2.3 percent put the area’s $61,465 in the fourth income percentile.
Miami’s 9.2 percent median home price increase was supported by its area’s income growth of 2 percent to $43,926. Home prices jumped from $213,783 to $233,541 year-over-year.
San Francisco, a market with relatively high median income, is not listed in the top ten markets with highest income growth, but Fresno and Bakersfield saw 8.1 and 7.8 percent growth, respectively.
San Francisco’s median income grew 5.5 percent, just slightly over the national average but still not in the highest percentile. The disparity between median income and median home price is drastic, especially when compared to a city like Houston, where income is nearly 50 percent of home price.
Median income in San Francisco is $96,989, less than ten percent of the $1,028,614 median home price.
Income growth in Los Angeles grew 6.1 percent year-over-year, to $59,134. Similar to San Francisco, L.A.’s median home price of $59,134 is just slightly over 10 percent of the area’s median home price of $500,523.
Median home price in New York City grew 2.4 percent, or six basis points higher than income growth. Median income year-over-year change was 1.8 percent, or $62,452.
Washington D.C. home prices increased just 0.5 percent from 2014 to 2015. The income growth was also less than the national average, at 2.4 percent.