Home prices in the U.S. grew at a 3.7 percent annual rate in March, down from the previous month’s 3.9 percent and the slowest in seven years, according to the latest S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price NSA Index released Tuesday.
Meanwhile, in a separate report released Tuesday, home prices rose 5.1 percent from the first quarter of 2018 to the first quarter of 2019, according to the Federal Housing Finance Agency’s (FHFA) house price index.
“Home price gains continue to slow,” David M. Blitzer, managing director and chairman of the index committee at S&P Dow Jones Indices, said in a statement. “The patterns seen in the last year or more continue: year-over-year price gains in most cities are consistently shrinking. Double-digit annual gains have vanished.”
In a market like Seattle, for example, annual home price gains were at 13 percent one year ago. In March, home prices in Seattle only grew 1.6 percent.
“The shift to smaller price increases is broad-based and not limited to one or two cities where large price increases collapsed,” Blitzer added.
With the slowing price growth and low mortgage rates, the housing market should be stronger, according to Blitzer. The rate of price increases still outweighs the rate of inflation, however, which may be causing the issues.
“Given the broader economic picture, housing should be doing better,” Blitzer said. “Mortgage rates are at 4 percent for a 30-year fixed rate loan, unemployment is close to a 50-year low, low inflation and moderate increases in real incomes would be expected to support a strong housing market.”
“Measures of household debt service do not reveal any problems and consumer sentiment surveys are upbeat,” Blitzer added. “The difficulty facing housing may be too-high price increases.”
Prices rose year-over-year in all 50 states in the first quarter of 2019, according to FHFA’s data, but like the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price NSA Index, that price appreciation is slowing down.
“House prices have risen consistently over the last 31 quarters,” Dr. William Doerner, supervisory economist at FHFA said in a statement. “Although price growth is still positive, the upward pace is softening across the country, especially among states with the largest supplies of housing.”
The S&P/Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price Index is a composite of single-family home price indices that is calculated every month; the indices for the nine U.S. Census divisions are calculated using estimates of the aggregate value of single-family housing stock for the time period in question.
The FHFA home price index tracks changes in home values for properties owned or guaranteed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
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