With rents rising in cities and states across the U.S., many renters struggle with affordability. In Miami, Los Angeles and Orlando, for example, more than 55 percent of renters were cost-burdened in 2014, spending more than 30 percent of their income on rent.
National median rent has increased 64 percent since 1960
To better understand how rents and affordability have changed over time, Apartment List analyzed Census data from 1960 to 2014. It found inflation-adjusted rents have risen 64 percent, but real household incomes only increased 18 percent. The situation was particularly challenging from 2000 – 2010, when household incomes actually fell by 9 percent while rents rose by 18 percent. As a result, the share of cost-burdened renters nationwide more than doubled, from 24 percent in 1960 to 49 percent in 2014.
These trends are repeated in cities and states across the country. Since 1980, incomes in expensive areas like Washington D.C., Boston, and San Francisco have risen rapidly, but rents have increased roughly twice as fast. In Houston, Detroit and Indianapolis, incomes have actually fallen in real terms, while rents have risen by 15-25 percent. The only urban areas where incomes kept pace with rising rents were Austin, Las Vegas and Phoenix.
Miami rent growth stronger than renter income
From 1980 to about 1995, Miami rents were outpacing income growth. During a short time span from about 1995 to 2000, incomes slightly outgrew rents, but since 2000, rents have skyrocketed in comparison to growth of renter incomes in Miami. This has led to Miami rents growing 47 percent from 1980 to 2014 and incomes only growing 17 percent during the same time period.
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Yuki Graviet Knapp is a Content Marketing Associate with the Growth Team at Apartment List and is a resident of the Bay Area.