- It's possible that the largest recent downward push is extremely hard to quantify: geopolitical risk.
Last week was what the military calls “target rich.”
The first: Long-term rates on Wednesday broke out of the bottom of a range, 2.30-2.60 percent, which has held since November.
The 10-year T-note dropped to 2.23 percent, taking low-fee mortgages almost to 4.00 percent.
There is plenty of discussion about why the move has been down, instead of out the top, but the catalyst is perfectly clear: Donald Trump’s extraordinary 70-minute WSJ interview on Wednesday.
Sometimes we struggle to understand cause and effect in markets, but the rate improvement came instantly upon the last of these economic policy shifts:
- Trump embraced the Ex-Im Bank (hated by his party).
- He acknowledged that China is not a currency manipulator (it is, of course, but for the last two years has desperately tried to strengthen the yuan, not weaken it to take trade advantage).
- Chair Yellen is “not toast,” and although it’s too early for re-appointment, Trump has met with her in the Oval Office and likes her and low interest rates.
- The dollar is “too strong.” That last part tipped over the bond market.
It is almost always a mistake for the president to mention markets, the Fed, or especially the dollar.
Robert Rubin, Treasury Secretary under Clinton and previously the world’s best currency trader, set the standard. Say nothing but this, no matter what else may be going on: “A strong dollar is in the interest of the United States.”
Trump has his own unique style, not afraid to say things that might upset the tender-minded. This time — which everyone in markets hopes will not become a pattern of commentary — it worked.
To jawbone the dollar down is a help to China, and we could use China’s help right now. Saying the dollar is “too strong” in Trump’s mind is also an effort to help our exports, but that jawboning is often counterproductive.
There have been other matters pressing down on bond yields.
The big overseas central banks are still engaged in emergency easing. Just one month ago German 10-year bonds traded at 0.48 percent, and by yesterday had fallen more than in half, to 0.19 percent. If an investor, an insurance company, a pension fund needs yield — buy the U.S. 10-year. And they have.
Another big downward force has been the fizzle of new stimulus measures by the administration. Naming no names, awarding no blame, the Republican majority in both houses is too small to carry tax reform, tax cut, infrastructure spending or much of anything big.
The 10-year jumped from 1.80 to 2.60 percent, and mortgages from 3.75 to 4.375 percent, within a month of election, mostly in anticipation of all of that stimulus, which isn’t coming.
Perhaps the largest recent downward push is extremely hard to quantify: geopolitical risk.
The political spectrum as usual has a variety of opinion. However, we have moved from a several-year period of foreign policy quiet, if not necessarily in U.S. interests, to a period of high activity.
Every bond trader in the world has seen messages scrolling across screens: U.S. missile attack on Syria… Trump says we will take care of North Korea by ourselves… U.S./Russian relations at a low… North Korea readying new nuclear and missile tests… U.S. drops world’s largest conventional bomb….
Maybe it’s just the U.S. pushing back in overdue fashion, powers jockeying for new position. Maybe it’s more serious. But there is so much worried and threatening talk that buying bonds is a good global idea for safety. And U.S. bonds are the safest.
Perhaps just as hard to quantify as conflict: The Fed’s intentions. Some very smart people think that the Fed has already overdone it.
David Rosenberg thinks a recession this year is a 90 percent likely event. But the Fed itself is insistent: We are not “tightening,” just removing excessive stimulus. Normalizing. And we’ve got at least another half-percent to hike this year.
If so, the 10-year T-note and mortgages cannot stay as low as they are. Assuming the world stays at peace, the most important thing to watch is Fed speakers hinting at action at the Fed’s June meeting.
Lou Barnes is a mortgage broker based in Boulder, Colorado. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.