Online leads are the lifeblood of many real estate businesses, and some agents and brokers pay a pretty penny each month to companies like and Zillow to generate these leads with ZIP code-targeted ads and preferred placement on their sites.

But, as Boulder, Colorado-based broker E.J. Footer discovered, not all leads are good leads — in fact, behind those leads may be scammers looking to make a buck off unsuspecting agents.

Footer says he recently rejoined the National Association of Realtors, and someone suggested that he update his profile on (which has a perpetual license to operate the site from NAR) even if he wasn’t planning to purchase leads or use some of the site’s other tools for agents.

On January 7, about three weeks after he updated his profile, Footer received an email offering one pre-qualified real estate lead as a trial for’s lead generation service. To receive the lead’s full information, which included a phone number and email address, all Footer had to do was pay $10.

Email scam screen shot

“I had just signed up and never gotten a lead [from] before, and at first I was very suspicious of it,” he said. “But I thought, well I did just sign back up with the Realtor association … and maybe this is just a [teaser] ad to buy an ad from them.”

So, Footer sent the $10 using his PayPal account and got a follow-up email with Sherri Kramer’s full phone number and email address.

He immediately sent Kramer an email introducing himself, and a few minutes later he got a one-sentence reply from Kramer, saying she was away from home for the weekend and would follow-up when she got back.

Footer felt the reply was legitimate and didn’t begin worrying until a week had gone by without hearing from the lead.

He looked up Sherri Kramer on Facebook and found a profile that matched the Dallas/Fort Worth area code he was given. Plus, the profile provided some other essential information, such as the fact that Kramer’s husband was a well-to-do dentist — something that quelled Footer’s concerns until he saw a picture on Lab Coat Agents’ Facebook page that looked oddly familiar.

Lab Coat Agents screen shot

Another member of the Facebook group had received the exact same lead as Footer, and she wanted to make sure it wasn’t a scam. The comments quickly started rolling in with lead generation clients explaining how the process actually works, and a couple others saying they fell for the scam.

The lead’s name, phone number and email were consistent, but the preferred area, price range and specific listing address varied based on who the scammer was targeting.

“Pretty sure they’re fake. That’s not how I ever received leads from,” commented Steven D. Zamouzakis. “The leads are normally shared. You buy a piece of the pie basically. So this is another red flag in your image.”

After reading through the comments, Footer called PayPal to file a claim, which resulted in the scammer’s account being frozen, and then he called to see if they were aware of the scam. Footer said he spoke to a customer service representative who said the company was aware of the scam and was “working on it.”

Footer said he recognizes that email scams are common and that he should be more careful the next time around, but he’s wary of the fact that hadn’t sent out a warning about the scam that new users, like him, are especially susceptible to believing. director of corporate communications Christie Farrell says they’ve reported the scam to the authorities, and says never “requests payment simultaneously with the delivery of a lead.”

“To check on a lead, agents can quickly log in to and see their leads in the Dashboard, under Contacts (for agents) or Performance/Leads (all customers),” wrote Farrell in an emailed statement to Inman on January 16. “Our customer care team is standing by to answer any customer questions.”

Lastly, Farrell says agents should always contact their service provider to verify any “suspect communication,” before following through on buying a lead or any other service.

Email Marian McPherson.

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